Athletics is mainly divided into track and field events. In competitions, athletes compete in various athletic events in these categories. Para athletics is mostly the same, but because athletes with various disabilities, such as those in wheelchairs or those with prosthetic legs or visual impairments, participate in the same competitions, even the same event is divided into different classes according to the type and degree of disability.
The basis of sports is that athletes compete with each other under the same conditions. In para athletics, athletes are divided into classes based on predetermined standards so that they can compete with each other as fairly as possible. The classification is done by "classifiers" who have the necessary knowledge and qualifications. Each class is shown as a combination of the event type (T: track events, F: field throwing events) and a number.
"T" stands for Track, which means running and jumping events, and "F" for Field, which means field throwing events.
T/Track includes running events (100m to marathon) and jumping events (long jump, high jump, triple jump).
F/Field includes field throwing events (shot put, discus, javelin, and club).
This number represents the impairment type and/or competition format (e.g. using a wheelchair).
10s: Standing athletes with visual impairments
20s: Standing athletes with intellectual impairments
30s: Standing athletes with paralysis, myotonia, motor disability, or other cerebral palsy, and athletes who use wheelchairs or throwing platforms
40s: Standing athletes with disabilities such as short stature, leg length difference, amputation (not using a prosthetic leg), weak muscles, etc.
50s: Athletes who use wheelchairs or throwing platforms with disabilities such as leg length difference, amputation, restricted joint range of motion, etc.
60s: Athletes who participate in the competitions with a prosthetic leg due to amputation or other reasons.
This number represents the degree of impairment.A number from 0 to 9 is assigned according to the degree of disability. The smaller the number is, the more severe the disability is.
Competition event (planned)
Men's / Track Competition
Men's / Throwing Competition
Women's / Track Competition
Women's / Throwing Competition
|Event title||Paris 2023 World Para Athletics Championships|
|Holding period||Saturday, July 8, 2023 to Monday, July 17, 2023|
|Host city||Paris, France|
|Number of participants||Athletes/approximately 1,330 people from 107 countries/regions|